CALAHORRA, ISRAEL SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON (?1560–1640), Polish talmudist. Calahorra, who was a man of means, lived in Cracow where he maintained his own bet midrash although never accepting a rabbinical office. His only published work is Yismaḥ Yisrael (Cracow, 1626; Hamburg, 1686), a compendium of the laws of the Shulḥan Arukh arranged in alphabetical order. Yismaḥ Yisrael was republished, together with a commentary and supplements – Ḥukkat ha-Torah by Moses Jekuthiel b. Avigdor ha-Kohen Kaufmann – on Even ha-Ezer (Amsterdam, 1693); on Oraḥ Ḥayyim and Yoreh De'ah (Berlin, 1700); and on Ḥoshen Mishpat (Dyhernfurth, 1701). Yoreh De'ah was also published with the commentary Olelot Ẓevi of Mordecai Ẓevi Friedlaender (1865). In the introduction to Yismaḥ Yisrael, Calahorra lists six other works he wrote on Torah and Kabbalah. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Dembitzer, in: Oẓar ha-Sifrut, 4 (Cracow, 1892), 244–9; idem, Kelilat Yofi, 1 (1888), 22b–25a; H. Tchernowitz, Toledot ha-Posekim, 3 (1947), 290–7; I. Lewin in: Hadorom, 18 (1963), 28–34.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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